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Acne FAQ

How do pimples form?

Pimples are the result of dead skin cells mixing with excess oil (sebum) and clogging your pores. When a pore is blocked, swelling (inflammation) develops, and sometimes, bacteria growing within the pore causes an infection, resulting in a red bump (a typical pimple).

Why is acne most common in teenagers?

Hormone fluctuation is the most common factor in the development of acne. Teenagers going through puberty experience significant hormonal shifts – especially of testosterone – which causes oil glands to enlarge and produce more sebum. This results in oily skin and acne breakouts.

Why do some adults develop acne?

Though hormone shifts are most dominant in teenage years, fluctuations can occur at any age. Women are especially susceptible to these changes during menstrual periods, pregnancy and menopause. Other factors that may trigger or aggravate acne in adult years include certain medications, stress, dietary choices and genetics.

Does breaking out mean I’m not cleaning my face properly?

It’s certainly important to practice good daily facial hygiene by cleansing twice daily (morning and evening), but if you still have acne, that doesn’t mean your skin isn’t clean. Sometimes, skin can even become aggravated from being washed too aggressively, or from the use of products containing known irritants like alcohol. Even with an appropriate daily skincare routine, other factors including hormones and stress are still able to trigger acne.

Do certain foods cause acne?

For many years, food as a trigger for acne was considered a myth. Only recently have studies emerged indicating a link between certain dietary choices and acne breakouts. The research suggests that acne flare-ups can be associated with a diet rich in dairy products as well as foods with a high-glycemic index (often processed carbohydrates and other sugar-laden foods).

When do I need to see a dermatologist?

If your skin is not responding to over-the-counter products, it’s best to make an appointment with a dermatologist. Our clinical staff at Central Texas Dermatology work together to ensure you get the best treatment from the appropriate prescription medications to effective cosmetic procedures.